The Pasteurization of France, trans. A. Sheridan and J. Law, Cambridge Mass.: Harvard University Press, , BRUNO LATOUR The ‘Franslatcd by Aian Sheridan andjolin r^iw The Pasteurization of France Bruno Latour Translated by Alan Sheridan and John Law. The Pasteurization of France [Bruno Latour, Alan Sheridan, John Law] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. What can one man accomplish.
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Instead of advancing without moving and keep- ing everything, they retrenched, jettisoned, and as a result felt they were making progress at last. To prove his point he looks at a case the biological revolution of Louis Pasteur in which it appears that science impacted society pasteurisation not the other way around.
They fhe out to meet the public, but they also meet cholera and die. The scientists translates the generals interests: Latour argues that, though it is the idea of genius, there should be the diffusion of an idea and the transformation of it to be successfully innovative.
The Pasteurization of France
It was not only France, humiliated and defeated, that had to bp regenerated; it was also mankind in general and, more particularly, the urban masses. The first obscure, anony- mous collaborator was none other than Richet himself: He did everything; he regenerated, revolu- tionized, created the new medicine, the new biology, the new hygiene.
This unique trial might have contributed to his politico-scientific theory ffance network — if I call like that — coupled with his next work, We Have Never Been Modern. But what is the point?
In the second part of the book, “Irreductions,” Latour sets out his notion of the dynamics of conflict and interaction, of the “relation of forces. Is time irre- versible? The cities could not go on being death chambers and cesspools, the poor being wretched, ignorant, bug- ridden, contagious vagabonds.
They made themselves modern by bypassing all the others. The first section of the book, which retells the story of Pasteur, is a vivid description of an approach to science whose theoretical implications go far beyond a particular case study. The hygienists formed the vanguard of a huge, century-old movement which had already transformed the British system of health and which claimed to be spreading everywhere in order to act on all the causes of ill health.
On the contrary, it is reversible — so reversible that it is possible not to have made any progress since the time of the Romans. Following Tolstoy’s advice, we can say that such an account has to be false. I enjoyed reading your review from Latours The Pasterization of France. But how do we know this? Do we not know that every discovery in the domain of bacteriology emanates directly from M. They do so much more.
The Pasteurization of France – Bruno Latour – Google Books
With utter confidence he announced a forthcoming triumph in the struggle against infectious diseases”p. I apply these simple tools to the analysis frsnce three periodicals: The analyst does not have to know. Notify me of new comments via email. There was only one answer: A crowd may move a mountain; a single man cannot.
Furthermore, the microbe made it possible for a reordering of epi- demiological problems, where it seemed that the number of causes would always defy analysis. From July on, Pasteur claims, he was mobilizing science for the cure of “the Prussian canker”pp. The reason for this hesitation is simple.
Pasteur was able to trigger anthrax in chickens in his laboratory. There is not a network that links nature with science and society. In an article on the role of microbes in society, Capitan sums up his thinking: Return to Book Page. Sometimes cholera passes, sometimes not; sometimes typhus survives, sometimes not. Other things are discussed, and the evidence presented does not come from his laboratory. I have said that the shift took place only through translation. There were life-sized models of hygienic — that is, airy and clean — houses, hospitals, ambulances, stretchers, crematoriums, classrooms, and even desks.
The British were of course more advanced than the French, but Pasteur’s compatriots were not lagging behind. Koch did not share the same weaknesses, and he attacked Pasteur far from Paris and on the terrain of the new scientific medicine. At the cost of a rapid and inexpensive detour via the gestures of disinfection, they reached more quickly and further to what they had been wishing to reach since antiquity. The act of operating no longer kills: Armaingaud, a rather paternalistic reformist, uses the microbe to redefine that celebrated “self-interest” and to link everybody together through fear of disease.
They give themselves periods, abohsh them, and alter them, redistributing responsibilities, naming the “reactionaries,” the latkur erns,” the “avant-garde,” the “forerunners,” just like a historian — no better, no worse. Only a non modern can use these concepts while investigating microbes and wars. Plans were discussed for drainage, ven- tilators, windows, heating apparatuses — anything that would allow the four elements to circulate pastejrization.
In all these relations, these one-on-one confrontations, these duels, these contracts, other agents are present, acting, exchang- ing their contracts, imposing their aims, and redefining the social bond in a different way.
After the style of the hy- gienists could be recognized at a glance. The serious interventions of for- mer times, the amputations of limbs, the hollowing out of bones, Thw Microbes and Weak Hygienists pasteruization articular resections, removal pasteurizatioj breasts, first entered everyday practice.
He is not yet the intercessor that he would later become. On each of its returns another cause latout to be added. We cannot understand anything about Pasteurism if we do not reahze that it has reorganized society in a different way. Michael rated it really liked it Apr 18,