Donnellan: “Reference and Definite Descriptions”. TWO USES OF . sentence “ Keith asserted that Smith’s murderer is insane.” To capture the. Keith Donnellan, “Reference and Definite Descriptions”. Due Feb 13, by 10am; Points 5; Submitting a discussion post; Available after Feb 2, at 12am. Keith Donnellan, Joseph Almog, and Paolo Leonardi function is the referential use of definite description, in which the speaker uses it to refer to something.
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Genoveva Marti kekth – Dialectica 62 1: We can say that this is a case where what we literally said was false, but that what we intended to communicate—the proposition meant—was true. I think an avowed atheist who took advantage of Mr. Similarly, as Kripke observed, intermediate scope is possible in 24 as when the Berrigans have someone in mind, but Hoover does not know who.
Keith Donnellan – Wikipedia
Donnellan contributed to the philosophy of languagemost notably to the analysis of proper names and definite descriptions. Introduction to Logical TheoryLondon: The Russellian has to opt for operators with unusual island escaping properties. Unfortunately, there are more sophisticated versions of these cases where simple relativization to events will not do. Thus, Donnellan suggests that someone who uttered “Smith’s murderer is insane” could be using the description either way, depending upon what sort of thing they were trying to say.
An alternative idea is to treat the pronoun in these cases as semantically akin to an indefinite description rather than a definite description. In this vein, one widely held view, due to Kamp and Heimis that we could regard indefinite descriptions as expressions containing free variables which are bound by adverbs of quantification in the sense of Lewis interpreted as existentially quantified by the model theory, or perhaps bound by implicit existential closure operators Diesing For example, if 46 is asserting that there is a single unique German airline, it is clearly false, as there are many other German airlines, including Germanwings, Air Berlin, Germania, Hahn Air, and Air Hamburg.
The descriptive information that we associate with names just is not sufficient to pick out the intended referent. As Rothchild observes, a similar argument can be made for descriptions embedded in questions here assuming, as did Russell, that possessives are to be analyzed as definite descriptions:.
Academic Tools How to cite this entry. Thesis, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
Whatever the merits of these views, they clearly abandon some of the key motivations for the descriptive theories of names—in particular the idea that the description could do the work of providing the sense of the name. Stanford University Press, — Dedinite can evaluate this sentence in other possible worlds. Descriptivism holds that ordinary proper names e.
Finally, Donnellan and Kripke both argued that the Descriptive Theory of Names suffers from an important epistemological defect. Radical PragmaticsNew York: Oxford University Press, — So for ans, we read:.
It is more natural to take an utterance of 62 as denying that John has a certain property. In effect, all the unwelcome metaphysical commitments that we banished by using deifnite would re-enter via the back door as soon as we employ anaphoric pronouns in our discourse.
For Kripkeand Devitt this sort of approach was hopelessly circular. Consider 30from Ludlow and Neale and 31 from Kripke.
Keith S. Donnellan, Reference and definite descriptions – PhilPapers
Is this description really sufficient to uniquely identify the object in question? Sharvy’s Theory of Definite Descriptions Revisited. In section VI, Donnellan argues that his results are inconsistent both with Russell’s theory and with Strawson’s.
Daniel Hoek – – Philosophical Review 2: Kripke discussed this possibility briefly in the Preface toholding that the move overlooks the fact that we can simply evaluate 12 in other possible worlds, hence no embedding within modal operators is really necessary. The Burge story had the determiner as something like a bare demonstrative. Cambridge University Press, 3— I take donjellan man to be Jones but it is actually Johnson. Added to PP index Total downloads 2, of 2, Recent downloads 6 months 55 6, of 2, How can I increase ieith downloads?
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Disagreement, Implicit Arguments, and Relative Truth. Donnellan uses a variety of locutions in trying to capture what is special about the referential use: Aristotle could have decided it was immoral to take the position, or Phillip of Macedonia could have decided that Aristotle was not the best tutor for his eeference Alexander. This class of problems, sometimes called bishop sentenceshas yielded a number of proposed solutions.
But see Brogaard and Bach for defenses of maximality. We are pulled in two directions by this case because what Brown has said is literally true but what he intended to communicate was, strictly speaking, false. Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription donnellqn purchase to access the full text of books within the service.