Source for information on Brafman, Jacob: Encyclopaedia Judaica dictionary. Brafman attacked the Jewish communal organization (kahal) in Russian. Iakov Brafman was born to a poor Jewish family, grew up almost uneducated and rebellious, and clashed with the kahal (the Jewish self-governing community). It is divided into four parts: (1) The transactions of the ḳahal of Minsk (“ḳahal,” derived from the Hebrew = “community,” assumed in Russian the significance of .

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I submitted these documents together with my recommendations to Gov. French translation by Mgr. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. Zitron, Meshumodim7—31; Levitats, in: To back up his claim that West European Jewish institutions were plotting the destruction of Russian Orthodoxy, Brafman focused on the kahalthe quintessential East European communal entity that was legally abolished in Brafman expanded and published both books in a two-volume edition, Kniga kagala: Materials for the Study of the Jewish Lifea collection combining forged, misrepresented, and misinterpreted Hebrew documents allegedly taken from Minsk kahal registers of the late eighteenth to early nineteenth century.

According to him, the kahal utilized the ethics of the Talmud to secretly control East European Jews and indoctrinate them in unconditional obedience to ruling Jewish authorities; he also claimed that Jews were taught to hate Russian society. At the age of 34 he joined the Greek Orthodox Church and was appointed Hebrew teacher at the government theological seminary in Minsk.

After having tried many professions, among them photography, tuition, and commerce, he embraced Christianity. Klier, John Doyle Modern Language Jacov http: There was a state visit to Minsk in that year by Tsar Alexander II of Russia and Brafman submitted a memorandum on how Jews in Russia should best be proselytized into Orthodox Christianity and educated into “useful” subjects. To facilitate their study, they have been arranged in seventeen categories, each preceded by a short explanation on the laws and customs referred to, and indicating their real aim and influence on the Jews and on the gentiles.

One of the main problems with Brafman’s thesis was that the kahal system itself in the Russian Empire had been dissolved under Nicholas I in This page was last edited brafann 31 Decemberat Baron, Russian Jew under Tsars and Soviets brwfmann, Brafman grew up in poor conditions and was orphaned at a young age, being raised by relatives. Brafman was particularly well received by conservative Slavophiles in Russia.


Brafman joined the Imperial Russian Geographical Society in and became a respected figure in academia. About the middle of the last century, Jacob Brafmann, a Jewish rabbi in Russia, became a convert to Christianity and spent the rest of his life endeavouring to throw light on the Jewish questions in general, and on the situation in Russia in particular, both in the interest of gentiles and of the Jews themselves.

Home Religion Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps Brafman, Jacob. Petersburg in connection brafmahn the report, and was subsequently May 13, appointed professor of Hebrew at the Minsk seminary.

Zion3—8; S. The documents, which Brafmann claimed to have found in the archives of the board of education of Wilna, extended from to The Jewish Persona in the European Imagination: Brafman worked on studying Jewish community books of the kahal from Minsk from the years andwith his own commentary added to try and prove his thesis; at the same time the Rabbinical Seminary of Vilna was providing their own Russian translation.

When faced with the draft, he chose to convert, becoming first Lutheran and later Russian Orthodox. This material included over a thousand acts of the Jewish Kahal civil administrationand of the beth-dins Talmudic law courtsshowing the power and extent of their secret government. The Russian poet V.

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One of Brafman’s great-grandchildren was Vladislav Khodasevichthe Russian literary critic. InBrafman published with official support and at government expense Kniga Kagala “The Book of the Kahal”a translation into Russian of the minutes Pinkas of the kehillah of Minsk.

Among many proofs of their falsity the most interesting is that given by Shereshevski, who pointed out that a third of the transactions were dated on Saturdays or feast-days, when writing is prohibited. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that brafjann over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia. A second, enlarged two-volume edition was published in ; the first volume, containing essays on Jews and Jewish customs, was published posthumously with an introduction by Brafman’s son Le Qahal Paris, Vsemirnyi evreiskii vopros The Book of the Kahal: Khodasevich — was Brafman’s grandson.


His father was a rabbi. Iakov Brafman was born to a poor Jewish family, grew up almost uneducated and rebellious, and clashed with the kahal the Jewish self-governing community in his native Kletsk.

Brafman, Jacob |

Brafman’s bradmann chimed well with the Slavophiles then active in Russia and the political theory of Orthodoxy, Autocracy and Nationalitywhich sought to distance Russian civilisation from French and British liberalism.

Jouin, Les Sources de VimpM- alisme juif: Savelii Dudakov, Istoriia odnogo mifa: Brafman, who had his own personal conflict jzcob the kahal as a young man, argued that the kahal existed as a tyranny against individual Jews, while also being a system which enabled the exploitation of their non-Jewish neighbours. A Case of Russian Literature. Brafman’s writing was sent to St.

Views Read Edit View history. Brafman moved to Vilna in and began writing vehemently against the kahal and Jewish organisations more generally. The impression made by his book is evidence of the extent to which autonomous Jewish community life was alien to modern centralistic political ideas, ideals, and modes of relationship between individuals and the state. Ginsburg, Meshumodim in Tsarishn Rusland65—79; S.

Jakow Alexandrowitsch Brafman

Brafmann’s story, given in his own words in the preface to the Book of the Kahal, is reprinted here: Brafman was born in and lived in Kletska shtetl near Minsk in the Pale of Settlement. An International Jewish Question;which immediately became the standard introduction to Jewish life and culture for the Russian imperial bureaucracy.

The Kahal goes so far as to decree what individuals may be invited to, and what dishes served at, a Jewish family feast. Nicholas saw “use” in bourgeois Jews who were willing to assimilate into Russian society and could be utilised in academic and agricultural professions, while seeing as “useless” the poorer adherents of Orthodox Judaism who lived in the shtetls and kept themselves apart from wider society.

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