HISTORY OF SULTAN SALAHUDDIN AYUBI IN URDU PDF

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He then resolved to destroy the fortress, called Chastellet and manned by the Templars, moving his headquarters to Banias. Although positions were complicated by rival Muslim leaders, the bulk of the Syrian commanders supported Saladin because of his role in the Egyptian expedition, in which he gained a record of military qualifications.

Saladin’s intelligence services reported to him that the Crusaders were planning a raid into Syria. The art and architecture of Islamic Cairo 1st ed.

A suburban community of ErbilMasif Salahaddin, is also named after him. The Franks urged her to approach Saladin herself with her grievance.

All of the booty from the Ayyubid victory was accorded to the army, Saladin not keeping anything himself.

In return for a diploma granting him the city, Nur al-Din swore allegiance to Saladin, promising to follow him in every expedition in the war against the Crusaders, and repairing damage done to the city. Having been absent roughly two years, he had much to organize and supervise in Egypt, namely fortifying and reconstructing Cairo. Although his deputies continued to send him revenues from the province, centralized authority was lacking and internal quarrel arose between Izz al-Din Uthman of Aden and Hittan of Zabid.

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When as-Salih was removed to Aleppo in August, If, the emir of the city and a captain of Nur ad-Din’s veterans, assumed the guardianship over him. The latter demanded that Nur al-Din return the lands given to him as a dowry for marrying his daughter when he received reports that she was being abused and used to gain Seljuk territory.

Gumushtigin requested Rashid ad-Din Sinangrand-master of the Assassins of Syria, who were already at odds with Saladin since he replaced the Fatimids of Egypt, to assassinate Saladin in his camp.

Brill’s First Encyclopaedia of Islam, — InShawar was reportedly assassinated by Saladin, and Shirkuh died later that year.

One of his wives, Shamsah, is buried with her son al-Aziz in the tomb of al-Shafi’i. The Crusaders withdrew beforehand and Saladin proclaimed it “a victory opening the gates of men’s hearts”.

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Presently, Saladin awoke to find a figure leaving the tent. However, his life was spared by Saladin, who said of Raynald, “[i]t is not the wont of kings, to kill kings; but that man had transgressed all bounds, and therefore did I treat him thus. InAyyub and his family moved to Mosul, where Imad ad-Din Zengi acknowledged his debt and appointed Ayyub commander of his fortress in Baalbek.

Once he reached Bira, near the river, he was joined by Kukbary and Nur al-Din of Hisn Kayfa and urvu combined forces captured the cities of Jazira, one after the other. By 23 August, Saladin had decisively quelled the uprising, and never again had to face a military challenge from Cairo.

According to Imad saalahuddin, Nur ad-Din wrote to Saladin in Junetelling him to reestablish the Abbasid caliphate in Egypt, which Saladin coordinated two months later after additional encouragement by Najm ad-Din al-Khabushani, the Shafi’i faqihwho vehemently opposed Shia rule in the country. Initially, Saladin attempted to organize his men into battle order, but as his bodyguards were being killed, he saw that defeat was inevitable and ayub with a small remnant of his troops mounted a swift camelriding all the way to the territories of Egypt.

Based in the an-Nusayriyah Mountainsthey commanded nine fortressesall i on high elevations. Not much is known of Saladin’s wives or slave-women.

The Ayyubids of Damascus, — Saladin later moved toward Homs instead, but retreated after being told a relief force was being sent to the city by Saif al-Din.

Saladin – Wikipedia

His assaults were again resisted, but he managed to secure not only a truce, but a mutual alliance with Aleppo, in which Gumushtigin and as-Salih were allowed to continue their hold on the city and in return, they recognized Saladin as the sovereign hsitory all of the dominions he conquered. Ibn Jubair was told that sixteen Muslim ships were burnt by the Crusaders, who then captured a pilgrim ship and caravan at Aidab. With the rise of Arab nationalism in the 20th Century, particularly with hkstory to the Arab—Israeli conflictSaladin’s heroism and leadership gained a new significance.

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The image of Saladin they used was the romantic one hiistory by Walter Scott hisstory other Europeans in ayubl West at the time. Meanwhile, Saladin moved south, where he dismantled the fortifications of Ascalon to prevent this strategically important city, which lay at the junction between Egypt and Palestine, from falling into Crusader hands.

Saladin made further conquests in northern Syria and Jaziraescaping two attempts on his life by the ” Assassins “, before returning to Egypt in to address issues there. Imad ad-Din wrote that after the brief mourning period for Shirkuh, during which “opinions differed”, the Zengid emirs decided upon Saladin and forced the caliph to “invest him as vizier”.

Saladin captured Raynald and salahuddni personally responsible for his execution in retaliation for his attacks against Muslim caravans. Raynald threatened to attack the holy cities of Mecca and Medina.

In this emergency, the emir of Damascus appealed to Saif al-Din of Mosul a cousin of Gumushtigin for assistance against Aleppo, but he refused, forcing the Syrians to request the aid of Saladin, who complied.

On 11 MaySaladin, along with half of the Egyptian Ayyubid army and numerous non-combatants, left Cairo for Ursu. On 13 Aprilthe Zengid troops marched to attack his forces, but soon found themselves surrounded by Saladin’s Ayyubid veterans, who crushed them. It did not pose a threat to the passage of the Muslim navy, but could harass smaller parties of Muslim ships and Saladin decided to clear it from his path.

Saladin had by now agreed truces with his Zengid rivals and the Kingdom of Jerusalem the latter occurred in the summer ofbut faced a threat hiatory the Ismaili sect known as the ” Assassins “, led by Rashid ad-Din Sinan.

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