Star of Bethlehem, a native of the West Indies, is a perennial herb with poisonous milky sap. The botanical name Hippobroma means horse madness, referring. from the July 18, Newsletter issued from Hacienda Chichen Resort beside Chichén Itzá Ruins, central Yucatán, MÉXICO HIPPOBROMA LONGIFLORA’S. Hippobroma longiflora (L.) Basionym: Lobelia longiflora L. longiflora ( L.) Isotoma longiflora (L.) Laurentia longiflora (L.) Peterm.

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Plants Profile for Hippobroma longiflora (madamfate)

It is endemic to the West Indiesbut has become naturalized across the American tropics longiflofa Oceania. February 2nd, by Giuseppe Mazza.

Don is a perennial herbaceous species with erect or at times decumbent stem, hipppobroma ramified, cm tall, with whitish fleshy roots and milky sap, with quite unpleasant smell. This page was last edited on 6 Septemberat Rarely utilized in minimal doses in the traditional medicine, with effects that, in some cases, have been fatal. Presl Laurentia longiflora Endl.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 15 May Presl ; Laurentia longiflora L. At first I had no idea what this might be but when I noticed how the flowers’ five grown-together anthers extended from the corolla tube and longiflpra up a little, just like anthers of the North’s lobelia flowers, I figured it might be a Lobelia Family member. Just call it Hippobroma.

For other uses, see Star of Bethlehem disambiguation. Hippobroma longiflora also called Star of Bethlehem or madamfate [1] is a flowering plant in the Campanulaceae family. Hippobroma longiflora is native and endemic to the West Indies, but has become an invasive all through the American tropics and Oceania.


The leaves are simple, alternate, subsessile, elliptic to obovate-lanceolate with irregularly toothed margins and pointed apex, cm long and ,5 cm broad, almost glabrous above, slightly villous below, with prominent nervations.

Hawaii’s Poisonous Plants 1 ed. Views Read Edit View history.

The Hippobroma longiflora L. One web page advises wearing gloves when handling the plant since the sap can be absorbed into the skin and cause the above effects. The juice is rich in two well known and powerful alkaloids, nicotine and lobeline, which affect human nervous systems similarly. Articles lpngiflora ‘species’ microformats Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms. It grows in the tropical and humid loniflora climate zones, where has naturalized escaping the cultivation and becoming in some cases invasive, in full sun as well as partially shaded and is not particular about the soil, even if poor.

Hippobroma longiflora

Also, a little in the eyes can cause blindness. When uprooting this weed, it is important to wear gloves: It’s been used to treat venereal diseases, asthma, bronchitis, “rheumatism,” and even epilepsy and hydrophobia. Retrieved 7 December Hippobroma longiflora was last modified: Medicinally, various cultures have learned to apply the plant to wounds to cauterize wounds and promote healing. The effects of nicotine and lobeline hipppobroma quite similar, with psychoactive effects hippoobroma small dosages and with unpleasant effects including vomiting, muscle paralysis, and trembling at higher dosages.

Excerpts from Jim Conrad’s Naturalist Newsletter.

Retrieved from ” https: Very ornamental species thanks to the white scented flowers, but amongst the most poisonous, to be handled with extreme caution due to the presence in its sap of substances highly irritant for contact with immediate effects, in the eyes may cause blindness and on the skin serious allergic reactions, fatal cases are reported due to prolonged contact; the use of gloves is therefore indispen- sable when handling it.


The flowers, at the axil of the upper leaves on a 1,5 cm long peduncle, are solitary, erect, perfumed, with penta-parted calyx with ciliate and indented segments, 0, cm long, of green colour, hypocrateriform white corolla with extended lobes perpendicular to a long thin tube with cylindrical tube, cm long and of 0,4 cm of diameter, villous, and 5 elliptic to lanceolate lobes with pointed apex, 1,5 cm long and 0,5 cm broad, staminal tube that juts about 0,5 cm out from the corolla.

It is reported here only to facilitate its identification, its cultivation is strongly discouraged due to its invasiveness and, especially, its high toxicity. Checking genera in that family listed for the Yucatan it was easy to come up with the name. If ingested is highly poisonus because of the presence of cardioactive alkaloids, such as the lobelanidine, that may quickly lead to death.

Hippobroma longiflora (L.) G.Don

It is notable for longilfora concentrations of two pyridine alkaloids: Small doses of the juice may have medicinal value, but too much can induce vomiting, muscle paralysis and trembling.

The Petroglyph Press, Ltd. Lobelioideae Entheogens Poisonous plants. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.

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