J. Lombardía, M.L. FernándezEmesis e hiperemesis gravídica. Semergen, 29 ( ), pp. Google Scholar. 2. S.B. WilsonHiperemesis gravídica. La hiperemesis gravídica (HG) es una afección poco común que se caracteriza por vómitos intensos, persistentes y frecuentes, y náuseas durante el embarazo. Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a pregnancy complication that is characterized by severe nausea, vomiting, weight loss, and possibly dehydration. Signs and.

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Hematological investigations include hematocrit levels, which are usually raised in HG. Retrieved 23 January If oral nutrition is insufficient, intravenous nutritional support may be needed.

Digestive system Acute fatty liver of pregnancy Gestational diabetes Hepatitis E Hyperemesis gravidarum Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. In addition, electrolyte levels should hipere,esis monitored and supplemented; of particular concern are sodium and potassium.

Department of Health and Human Services. Treatment includes drinking fluids and a bland diet. Ondansetron may be beneficial, however, there are some concerns regarding an association with cleft palate[33] and there is little high-quality data. Cherry and Merkatz’s complications of pregnancy 5th ed.

Hiperemesis gravídica

The effects of HG on the fetus are mainly due to electrolyte imbalances caused by HG in the mother. Previous article Next article. It is thought that HG is due to a combination of factors which may vary between women and include genetics.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Intravenous IV hydration often includes supplementation of electrolytes as persistent vomiting frequently leads to a deficiency. This page was last edited on 6 Decemberat Subscribe to our Newsletter. National Institutes of Health. Handbook of early pregnancy care. Si continua navegando, consideramos que acepta su uso.


Urinary tract infection Hepatitis Meningitis Gastroenteritis.

PATOGENIA DE LA HIPEREMESIS GRAVIDICA | Revista Clínica Española (English Edition)

Women experiencing hyperemesis gravidarum often are dehydrated and lose weight despite efforts to eat. After IV rehydration is completed, patients typically begin to tolerate frequent small liquid or bland meals. Ferri’s clinical advisor 5 books in 1 1st ed. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Likewise, supplementation for lost thiamine Vitamin B 1 must be considered to reduce the risk of Wernicke’s encephalopathy.


Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology. A number of antiemetics are effective and safe in pregnancy including: Thyrotoxicosis common in Asian subcontinent [5] Addison’s disease Diabetic ketoacidosis Hyperparathyroidism.

Office on Women’s Health.

Distention of the gastrointestinal tract Crossover with TSHcausing gestational thyrotoxicosis [5]. Women not responding to IV rehydration and medication may require nutritional support. Print Send to a friend Export reference Mendeley Statistics. While vomiting in pregnancy has been described as early as 2, BC, the first clear medical description of hyperemesis gravidarum was in by Antoine Dubois.

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If conservative dietary measures fail, more extensive treatment such as the use of antiemetic medications and intravenous rehydration may be required. Urinary tract infectionhigh thyroid levels [5]. To improve our services and products, we use “cookies” own or third parties authorized to show advertising related to client preferences through the analyses of navigation customer behavior. Often gets better but may last entire pregnancy [2]. Excessive salivation, also known as sialorrhea gravidarumis another symptom experienced by some women.


Dry bland food and oral rehydration are first-line treatments. Gestational pemphigoid Impetigo herpetiformis Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy Linea nigra Prurigo gestationis Pruritic folliculitis of pregnancy Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy PUPPP Striae gravidarum. Steroid therapy in the treatment of intractable hyperemesis gravidarum”. This item has received. Archived from the original on 29 October Thalidomide was prescribed for treatment of HG in Europe until it was recognized that thalidomide is teratogenic and is a cause of phocomelia in neonates.

Hyperemesis gravidarum is from the Greek hyper-meaning excessive, and emesismeaning vomitingand the Latin gravidarumthe feminine genitive plural form of an adjective, here used as a noun, meaning “pregnant [woman]”.

Hyperemesis gravidarum

Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge was hospitalised due to hyperemesis gravidarum during her first pregnancy, and was treated for a similar condition during the subsequent two. There are numerous theories regarding the cause of HG, but the cause remains controversial. The Impact Hiperemesia measures the average number of citations received in a particular year by papers published in the journal during the two receding years.

Retrieved 5 December Grafidica vomiting is severe, it may result in the following:

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