Pearl Cichlid, Geophagus brasiliensis. Source: / Wikimedia Dianne J. Bray, Geophagus brasiliensis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 26 Dec Fish guide for Pearl Cichlid, Geophagus brasiliensis, Pearl Eartheater profile with fish pictures, description and information, Geophagus cichlid care, diet, habitat. G. brasiliensis is a moderately popular ornamental freshwater fish that occurs as an introduced species in the aquatic habitats of at least four.
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Its markings, which cover its body, are bright blue speckles which shine brightly in a healthy fish; they have red fins which may have blueish tones and be tipped in black, but these colours also may change, brighten, or fade depending on the mood.
Datasheet Geophagus brasiliensis pearl cichlid. The Pearl Cichlid Geophagus brasiliensis has been kept in the South American cichlid aquarium for many years.
As noted by Beatty et al. While fish may reach these sizes, both males and females are typically much smaller measuring up to mm in length Britski et al.
A copper test also can be used to keep the proper levels. Subadult female from the aquarium trade – origin unknown. Males are territorialparticularly when spawningwhile very small tankmates may be predated upon.
Add Your Animal Story. Features Size To 28 cm TL Colour Overall greyish-green with bluish-white pearly flecks on the scales and fins; fins reddish or with a red margin; may or may not have an indistinct stripe along sides, and a dark blotch on the mid-sides; iris golden with brasiliwnsis black vertical band. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, If that does not cure the Ich, then the fish needs to be brasipiensis with copper remove any water conditioners.
However, once the initial expense is out of the way this fish doesn’t require much in the way of maintenance and can tolerate a much wider range of water conditions than most cichlids; the perfect requirments for a beginner fish keeper!
Actinopterygii Summary of Invasiveness G. They are quite hardy and tend to be undemanding and very easy to care for. Anything you add to your tank can bring disease to your tank. Do not overfeed warm blooded mammal meat i.
Kullander, ; Kullander, Social Behaviors The Pearl Cichlid can be housed with other larger cichlids from the Americas as well as plecostomus and catfish. Distribution, identification and biology of freshwater fishes in south-western Australia.
Also, Beatty et al. Likewise in Australia, G. Pearl Cichlid – Quick Aquarium Care. Cite this page as: Reviews in Fisheries Science, 4 2: However, a male specimen of over mm total length was collected in south-western Australia Beatty et al. Riehl R; Baensch HA, A single Geophagus specimen, originally identified as G.
Feeding convergence in South American and African zooplanktivorous cichlids Geophagus brasiliensis and Tilapia rendalli. One or two flattish, water-worn rocks can also be included to provide potential spawning sites if you wish.
The female may lay as many as oval eggs, though is more likely in the aquarium. However, in many rivers systems this species co-occurs with many fishes. In Australia, spawning takes place from late spring until June.
Variations are observed in body shape of populations of G. Views Read Edit View history. No representatives of Teleocichla or Mazarunia were included in the study but the former is well-established as sister to Crenicichla while the latter has grouped closely with Dicrossus and Crenicara in earlier works. Impact on Biodiversity There are no data outlining potential impacts of G. Reproduction Biparental substrate spawner. Despite its current scientific designation, this cichlid does not actually have much in common with its eartheater cousins and may eventually be removed from the Geophagus genus.
In addition, they can tolerate a wide range of water conditions and are are hardy enough to endure even sudden and drastic changes in their water levels. Studies found that fish were smaller in size at the onset of maturity in river population when compared to lagoon population. If the maintenance regime or diet is insufficient individuals may develop health problems such as head and lateral line erosion or exhibit stunted growth. Beatty, Murdoch University, Western Australia, personal communication, Geopnagus background colour of G.
Pearl cichlid – Wikipedia
They may or may not have a faded dark spot on their body at about the level of the eye, where the pectoral fins end but up higher towards the dorsal fin. In the wild they feed on detritus and insects along with algae and weeds found on or under the substrate.
Journal of Fish Biology, 59 6: Breeders often attempt to pair the fish without sexing them; two females may pair up in which case the fish lay eggs that never hatch. Risk of Introduction Top of page G. With home aquariums the nitrate and phosphates build up over time and the water hardness increases due to evaporation.
Diet and food consumption of the pearl cichlid Geophagus brasiliensis Teleostei: It is believed this may be a nutritional deficiency of one or more of Vitamin C, Vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorus. Omnivore – substrate sifter. These foods contain high amounts of proteins and fats not normally found in a cichlid’s diet and can cause intestinal blockages and organ degradation. They are found in coastal drainages of standing or brackish waters. Young adult male geopjagus from the aquarium trade – origin unknown.