Carbofuran is one of the most toxic carbamate pesticides. It is marketed under the trade names Furadan, by FMC Corporation and Curater, among several others. Furadan, Bay , Curaterr, D , ENT , Yaltox, Furacarb (25). Carbofuran is highly toxic by inhalation and ingestion and moderately toxic by. Toxicological Characteristics Current available acute toxicological studies on carbofuran show the following: Acute oral toxicity: rat, LD50 mg/kg;.
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It is classified as an extremely hazardous substance in the United States as defined in Section of the U. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. Retrieved from ” https: Secondary fatal poisoning of domestic and wild animals has been documented,   specifically, raptors bald eagles and golden eaglesdomestic dogs, toixcityvultures and other scavengers. In Kenyafarmers are using carbofuran to kill lions and other predators. It is manufactured by the reaction of methyl isocyanate with 2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethylhydroxybenzofuran.
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These alterations may consequently lead to serious reproductive problems following repeated exposure. Water Science and Technology. Before the granular form was banned by U. Archived from the original on Kenya is considering banning carbofuran,  but it is legal to buy over-the-counter in Kenya.
Asoxime chloride Methoxime Obidoxime Pralidoxime Trimedoxime bromide. Acetylcholine metabolism and transport modulators.
Lethal toxicigy or concentration LDLC:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 87 ed. Carbofuran exhibits toxicity mediated by the same mechanism as that of the notorious V-series nerve agents and presents a risk to human health.
With this change, carbofuran usage in the US would be allowed only on corn, potatoes, pumpkins, sunflowers, pine seedlings and spinach grown for seed.
carbofuran (Furadan) Chemical Fact Sheet 6/84
The main global producer is the FMC Corporation. Retrieved October 29, The piece suggested that Furadan was a serious threat to the future of the lion population in Africa. Environmental Protection Agency in it was blamed for millions of bird deaths per year. Carbofuran has been illegally used to intentionally poison wildlife not only in the US, Canada and Great Britain; poisoned wildlife have included coyotes, kites, golden eagles and buzzards.
Retrieved 11 August Carbofuran is banned in Canada and the European Union. However in developing countries, occupational exposure to the Carbofuran and resultant carbofuran-serum protein labeling has been reported that impacts human health and well-being. Retrieved 7 September Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors Carbamate insecticides Benzofurans Phenol esters Insecticides Female reproductive toxicants. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 40 2: This page was last edited on 6 Novemberat Archived from the original on May 28, Due to nonregistration of 4 carcinogenic chemicals used on crops not listed in the Dangerous Substances Act of Thailandvegetables with residues of methomylcarbofuran, dicrotophosand EPN were taken off supermarket shelves in July In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
Carbofuran has one of the highest acute toxicities to humans of any insecticide widely used on field crops only aldicarb and parathion are more toxic.
LD 50 median dose. The company took action to stop the sale of this product and instituted a buy-back program in East Africa when it was determined that the illegal and intentional misuse of chemicals against wildlife could not be controlled by education or stewardship programs alone.
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Highly soluble in N-methylpyrrolidone, dimethylformamidedimethyl sulfoxideacetoneacetonitrilemethylene chloridecyclohexanonebenzeneand xylene . Other names Furadan, Curater, Furacarb.
Carbofuran is known to be particularly toxicuty to birds. Demecarium Fasciculins green mamba toxins 1234 Onchidal Onchidella binneyi Methanesulfonyl fluoride Unsorted: Carbofuran is one of the most toxic carbamate pesticides. The technical or chemical name of carbofuran is 2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethylbenzofuranyl methylcarbamate and its CAS number is In a number of publicized incidents worldwide, carbofuran has also been used to poison domestic pets.
Birds often eat numerous grains of the pesticide, mistaking them for seeds, and then die shortly thereafter. In its granular form, a single grain will kill a bird. Chemical Research in Toxicology.