FNL FDLR LRA PDF

The Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda is an armed rebel group active in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. An ethnic Hutu group opposed to the ethnic Tutsi influence, the FDLR is one .. Allied Democratic Forces (ADF); Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA); Nationalist and Integrationist Front ( FNI). The Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) is the largest illegal The Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) is a Ugandan rebel group currently based The National Liberation Forces (FNL) is a Burundian rebel group originally. processing industries and consumers of mineral products originating in Congo, and specifically demanded that the FDLR, LRA, FNL, Allied Democratic Forces.

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In October the International Crisis Group said that the group’s military forces had dropped from an estimated 15, in to 6—7, then, organised into four battalions and a reserve brigade in North Kivu and four battalions in South Kivu. Atul Khare, deputy head of the U. Retrieved from ” https: The FDLR had attacked several other villages in the preceding weeks and clashes occurred between FDLR forces and the Congolese Army, during which government forces are reported to have lost men killed and wounded.

The Group further commented that “The attack at Busurungi on 10 May was conducted in clear violation of international cdlr rights law and international humanitarian law.

The Rwandan government stated that any returning genocidaires would face justice, most probably through the gacaca court system. The active and illegal foreign fbl groups operating on the soil of the DR Congo include the following:. The website is now hosted by the Italian provider Register.

Their trial is the first to be held in Germany for crimes against this law.

The Foreign Armed Groups

The ALiR is currently listed on the U. Office of the Director of National Intelligence. Prior to this, Gen. Gerard Prunier presents a different picture to the ICG’s assessment.

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Retrieved 19 November Archived from the original on Eastern Democratic Republic of fnnl Congo. Its current strength is estimated to be combatants. Following several days of talks with Congolese government representatives, the FDLR announced on 31 March that they were abandoning their armed struggle and returning to Rwanda as a political party.

The group was formed primarily by individuals from the Acholi tribe in Northern Uganda.

The Foreign Armed Groups | MONUSCO

The systematic nature of attacks by the FDLR against the civilian population at Busurungi suggests that they could qualify as crimes against humanity. Army for the Liberation of Rwanda. While there is currently a growing number of Congolese among their ranks, the group is primarily formed from members of the Rwandan government and army ousted in as well as Rwandan refugees.

The warrant alleges that Mbarushimana was part vdlr a plan to create a humanitarian catastrophe to extract concessions of political power for the FDLR. In Augustthe Congolese military announced that it was ending a seven-month offensive against the FDLR, prompting a sharp rebuke by the government of Rwanda.

Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda – Wikipedia

The Court’s judges state that there are reasonable grounds to believe that Mbarushimana bears criminal responsibility for these attacks, including murder, torture, rape, persecution and inhumane acts. United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moonwho had made protecting civilians and combating sexual violence central themes of his presidency, was reported to be outraged by the attack.

They were the ones that fought around PepaMobaand Pweto in late In mid, a number of attacks forced 25, Congolese to flee their homes. Even after the official end of the Second Congo War inFDLR units continued to attack Tutsi forces both in eastern DRC and across the border into Rwanda, vastly increasing tensions in the region and raising the possibility of another Rwandan offensive into the DRC — what would be their third since Retrieved 24 August Print Email Twitter Facebook.

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According to the U. The ADF fdlf formed around by a merger of various streams of discontented sectors of Ugandan society which felt alienated after the overthrow of Idi Amin. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Some information received by the Group indicated that the operation was supported by an FDLR commando unit.

13. Demands that all armed groups, in particular the FDLR, the LRA, Mai Mai Y…

This page was last edited on 9 Septemberat This was in September Alliances sometimes changed dramatically over the course of the wars. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Retrieved 14 May Kibua civilian and Kalonge military.

What is the rule of law? Most of its members are Islamists who want to establish Shari’a law in Uganda. It also said that ‘about the same number’ of Rwandan citizens, family members of combatants, and unrelated refugees remained behind FDLR lines in separate communities.

National Counterterrorism Center, the FDLR is believed to be responsible for about a dozen terrorist attacks committed in It was stated that if all of the FDLR commanders, who are believed to control about 10, militants, disarmed and returned, a key source of cross-border tensions would be removed. Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism. Its public purpose is to use military pressure to open “inter-Rwandan dialogue” with the current Rwandan government, but its covert purpose appears to be to overthrow the Rwandan government.

Still untried in combat, they had been trained by the Zimbabweans and were a small, fully fddlr conventional army. Ignace Murwanashyaka and Straton Musoni tried”. The group appears to be receiving external funding from unknown sources.

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