The Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda is an armed rebel group active in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. An ethnic Hutu group opposed to the ethnic Tutsi influence, the FDLR is one .. Allied Democratic Forces (ADF); Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA); Nationalist and Integrationist Front ( FNI). The Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) is the largest illegal The Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) is a Ugandan rebel group currently based The National Liberation Forces (FNL) is a Burundian rebel group originally. processing industries and consumers of mineral products originating in Congo, and specifically demanded that the FDLR, LRA, FNL, Allied Democratic Forces.

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They later started infiltrating the Ruzizi plains and Lake Tanganyika and crossed into South Kivu where they created rear bases to fight the Burundian armed forces. Retrieved 14 May In mid, a number of attacks forced 25, Congolese to flee their homes. Oberlandesgericht Stuttgart in German.

Its public purpose is to use military pressure to open “inter-Rwandan dialogue” with the current Rwandan government, but its covert purpose appears to be to overthrow fldr Rwandan government. It also runs four rapid response mobile teams capable of a rapid responding for any emergency throughout their operational areas.

The website is now hosted by the Italian provider Register. United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moonwho had made protecting civilians and combating sexual lrs central themes of his presidency, was reported to be outraged by the attack. This page was last edited on 9 Septemberat Archived copy as title Wikipedia articles in need of updating from August All Wikipedia articles in need of updating Pages using deprecated image syntax War faction articles using ambiguous parameters Articles containing French-language text.

The Foreign Armed Groups

Some groups may be associated with multiple, ostensibly opposed factions. Army for the Liberation of Rwanda. Print Email Twitter Facebook. Gerard Prunier presents a different picture to the ICG’s assessment. Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. It also said that ‘about the same number’ of Rwandan citizens, family members of combatants, and unrelated refugees lrz behind FDLR lines in separate communities. Department of State’s Terrorist Exclusion List as a terrorist organization.


13. Demands that all armed groups, in particular the FDLR, the LRA, Mai Mai Y…

Some information received by the Group indicated that the operation was supported by an FDLR commando unit. Even after the official end of the Second Congo War inFDLR units continued to attack Tutsi forces both in eastern DRC and across the border into Rwanda, vastly increasing tensions in the region and raising the possibility of another Rwandan offensive into the DRC — what would be their third since According to the U. The warrant alleges that Mbarushimana was part of a plan to create a humanitarian catastrophe to extract concessions of political power for the FDLR.

The group was formed primarily by individuals from the Acholi tribe in Northern Uganda. Retrieved from ” https: The ALiR is currently listed on the U.

This article needs to be updated. Retrieved 19 November National Counterterrorism Center, the FDLR is believed to be responsible for about a dozen terrorist attacks committed in The group appears to be receiving external funding from unknown sources. In October the International Crisis Group said that the group’s military forces had dropped from an estimated 15, in to 6—7, then, organised into four battalions and a reserve la in North Kivu and four battalions in South Kivu.

While most of the FNL integrated into the national Burundian army after the elections in mid the remnants restarted rebel activities.

At this time it was thought to have between 15, and 20, members. Atul Khare, deputy head of the U. Ignace Murwanashyaka and Straton Musoni tried”. They were the ones that fought around PepaMobaand Pweto in late The ADF was formed around by a merger of various streams of discontented sectors of Ugandan society which felt alienated after the overthrow of Idi Amin.

Its current strength is estimated to be combatants. The talks held in RomeItaly were mediated by Sant’Egidio. The ADF currently number approximately combatants but the high level of secrecy in the organization and its compartmentalized structure make it difficult to ascertain its overall strength.


This was in September By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

It was stated that if all of the FDLR commanders, fnll are believed to control about 10, militants, disarmed and returned, a key source of cross-border tensions would be removed. Archived from the original on The Group further commented that “The attack at Busurungi on 10 May was conducted in clear violation of international human rights law and international humanitarian law.

Kibua civilian and Kalonge military. In Augustthe Congolese military announced that it was ending a seven-month offensive against the FDLR, prompting a sharp rebuke by the government of Rwanda. Retrieved 24 August From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Armed groups in the First and Second Congo Wars.

Office of the Director of National Intelligence. Views Read Edit View history. The systematic nature of attacks by the FDLR against the civilian population at Busurungi suggests that they could qualify as crimes against humanity.

The Foreign Armed Groups | MONUSCO

The FDLR had attacked several other villages in the preceding weeks and clashes occurred between FDLR forces and the Congolese Army, during which government forces are reported to have lost men killed and wounded. The active and illegal foreign armed groups operating on the soil of the DR Congo include the following:. What is the rule of law? Following several days of talks with Congolese government representatives, the FDLR announced on 31 March that they were abandoning their armed struggle and returning to Rwanda as a political party.

Most of its members are Islamists who want to establish Shari’a law in Fnll.

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