A new, public-domain translation of the Letter to Menoikos of Epicurus, including the original Greek text along with notes on the translation. Letter to Menoeceus By Epicurus. Translated by Robert Drew Hicks. Greeting. Let no one be slow to seek wisdom when he is young nor weary in the search. Letter to Menoeceus. Epicurll«1 (TranAated by Brad Inwo(Jd and L. R Geraon). Let no one delay the study of philosophy while young nor weary of it when old.
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Community projects during Reading Week. History of Western Philosophy.
Who, then, is superior in your judgment to such a man? We must remember that the future is neither wholly ours nor wholly not ours, so that neither must we count upon it as quite certain to come nor despair of it as epicruus certain not to come.
We must also reflect that of desires some are natural, others are groundless; and that of the natural some are necessary as well as natural, and some natural only.
For he sees that necessity destroys responsibility and that chance or fortune mnoeceus inconstant; whereas our own actions are free, and it is to them that praise and blame naturally attach. When we are pained pleasure, then, and then only, do we feel the need of pleasure. On-line English translation of this summary of Epicurus’ ethics.
While therefore all pleasure because it is naturally akin to us is good, not all pleasure is worthy of choice, just as all pain is an evil and yet not all pain is to be shunned. He holds a holy belief concerning the gods, and is altogether free from the fear of death.
So practice these and similar things day and night, by yourself and with a like-minded friend, and you will never be disturbed whether waking or sleeping, and you will live as a god among men: Then, is the definition of necessary and necessary unique to each person?
For the end of all our actions epicyrus to be tk from pain and fear, and, when once we have attained all this, the tempest of the soul is laid; seeing that the living creature has no need to go in search of something that is lacking, nor to look for anything else by which the good of the soul and of the body will be fulfilled.
Do and practice, then, the things I have always recommended to you, holding them to be the stairway to a beautiful life. For if he truly believes this, why does he not depart from life? Fate, which some introduce as lether over all things, he scorns, affirming rather that some things happen of necessity, others by chance, others through our own agency.
The Greek text is in the public domain. For he sees that necessity destroys responsibility and that chance is inconstant; whereas our own actions are autonomous, and it is nenoeceus them that praise and blame naturally attach.
Rein Gold – unknown. It were better, indeed, to accept the legends of the gods than epicurys bow beneath that yoke of destiny which the lefter philosophers have imposed. Plain fare gives as much pleasure as a costly diet, when once the pain of want has been removed, while bread and water confer the highest possible pleasure when they are brought to hungry lips.
HOWEVER, copyright law varies epicufus other countries, and the work may still be under copyright in the country from which you are accessing this website. Kevin O’Regan – unknown. We must also reflect that of desires some are natural, others are groundless; and that of the natural some are necessary as well as natural, and some natural only.
For this reason we call pleasure the alpha and omega of a happy life.
Discussion summary on : Epicurus Letter to Menoeceus – Philosophy course site
So when we say that pleasure is the goal, we do not mean the pleasures of decadent people or the enjoyment of sleep, as is believed menoeceua those who are ignorant or who don’t understand us or who are ill-disposed to us, but to meoneceus free from bodily pain and mental disturbance. Much worse is he who says that it were good not to be born, but when once one is born to pass with all letetr through the gates of Hades. And because this is the primary and inborn good, we do not choose every pleasure.
First believe that God is a living being immortal and happy, according to the notion of a god indicated by the common sense of humankind; and so of him anything that is at agrees not with about him whatever may uphold both his happiness and his immortality.
And often we consider pains superior to pleasures when submission to the pains for a long time brings us as a consequence a greater pleasure. Daniel McLoughlin – – Angelaki 20 4: Accustom yourself to believe menoeceks death is nothing to us, for good and evil imply awareness, and death is the privation of all awareness; therefore a right understanding that death is nothing to us makes the mortality of life msnoeceus, not by adding to life an unlimited time, but by taking away the yearning after immortality.
The group started off with a simple answer: It is the starting-point of every choice and of every aversion, and to it we come back, inasmuch as we make feeling the rule by which to judge of every good thing. By licensing this translation under Creative Commons CC0I hereby release all legal and economic rights to this translation under all menoeveus including but not limited to the rights to copy, republish, translate, arrange, modify, and wpicurus derivative works from this translationand I grant anyone the right to use this translation without conditions for any purpose.
It were easy for him to do so, if once he were firmly convinced. Thus we need pleasure only when we are in pain caused by its absence; but when we are not in pain then we have no need of pleasure.
Letter to Menoikos
He believes that epicuurs misfortune of the wise is better than the prosperity of the fool. Sign in to use this feature. So we must exercise ourselves in the things which bring happiness, since, if that be present, we have everything, and, if that be absent, all our actions are directed toward attaining it. Instead, we pass up many menoeceu when we will gain more of what we need from doing so.
For gods there are: Accustom yourself to believing that death is nothing to us, for good and evil imply the capacity for sensation, and death is the privation of all sentience; therefore a correct understanding that death is nothing to us makes the mortality of life enjoyable, not by adding to life a limitless time, but by taking away the yearning after immortality. Whatever causes no annoyance when ,enoeceus is present, causes only a groundless pain in the expectation.
Discussion summary on : Epicurus Letter to Menoeceus
It is nothing, then, either to the living or to the dead, for with the living it is not and the dead exist no longer. We realized there could be some loop-hole to our reasoning. Thus practical wisdom is more valuable than philosophy and is the source of every other excellence [ note ], teaching us fo it is not possible to live joyously without also living wisely and beautifully and rightly, nor to live wisely and beautifully and rightly without living joyously.
Here Epicurus uses the same word to note the close tie between praise and blame on the one hand and that which is within the power of an individual to achieve. Who Wants to Live Forever? Not the man who denies the gods worshipped by the multitude, but he who affirms of the gods what the multitude believes about them is truly impious. Ed Zalta’s Version of Neo-Logicism: This web edition published by: Dear Human – unknown.
This web edition published by eBooks Adelaide. Having been born, to pass through the gates of Hades as soon as possible. ,etter Summary on Epicurus. Of all this the d is prudence.