Christine Dubray. INFECTIOUS AGENT. The intestinal nematode (roundworm) Enterobius vermicularis. TRANSMISSION. Egg transmission. Pinworm infection, also known as enterobiasis, is a human parasitic disease caused by the pinworm. The most common symptom is itching in the anal area. Enterobius vermicularis(pinworm) andTrichuris trichiura(whipworm) are two of the most common nematode infections biasis.
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The first option is to look for adult worms near the anus 2—3 hours after the infected person is asleep. Pinworms do not lay eggs in the feces but sometimes eggs are deposited in the intestine.
The earliest known instance of pinworms is evidenced by pinworm eggs found in coprolitecarbon dated to BC at western Utah. Die tierischen Schmarotzer des Harnapparates.
Self-infestation is frequent and can cause long-term infections. International Journal of Gynecological Pathology. Nematode Parasites of Vertebrates: Travelers are at risk if staying in crowded conditions with infected people. The third option is microscopic examination of samples taken from under fingernails; samples should be taken before handwashing.
Its existence, well known since ancient times, is not clearly influenced by climatic differences so that the helminths can really be considered cosmopolitan, found from tropical zones [ 6 ] to polar zones [ 7 ] and from different socioeconomic situations [ 8 ]. Create a personal account to register for email alerts with links to free full-text articles.
Enteorbiasis of the Colon and Rectum. An indirect transmission by air has also been shown for human enterobiasis, since its microscopic eggs are capable of being released in the air and inhaled with dust [ 5 ]. For children younger than 2 years of age, in whom experience with these drugs is limited, risks and benefits should be considered by a physician before drug administration.
enterobiaxis American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. What’s Safer Food and Water: American Society for Microbiology. June 12, Page last reviewed: Diagnostic pathology of parasitic infections with clinical correlations PDF Second ed.
Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Diagnosis depends on finding the eggs or the adult pinworms. Infectious diseases Parasitic disease: In female subjects, E.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Appendiceal enterobiasis—its incidence and relationships to appendicitis. Purchase access Subscribe now.
Similar cases have been reported over the last decade by many authors [ 1532 — 34 ]. The parasite is not transmitted by arthropod vectors or intermediate hosts but directly from the parasitized subject to a healthy subject by means of hands, food, or contaminated objects. Its pages are open to the members of the Association, as well as to all members of the medical community interested in using this forum to publish their articles in accordance with the journal editorial policies.
Scotch Tape applied on the anal area will pick up deposited eggs, and diagnosis can be made by examining the tape with a microscope.
Enterobiasis in Ectopic Locations Mimicking Tumor-Like Lesions
Granuloma of the liver due to Enterobius vermicularis. Enterobius vermicularis in the human conjunctival sac. SNIP measures contextual citation impact by wighting citations based on the total number of citations in a subject field. Unilateral salpingitis due to Enterobius vermicularis. International Journal of Dermatology. Two cases of eosinophilic prostatitis due to metazoan infestation with Oxyuris vermicularisand with a larva of Linguatula serrata The Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology.
Abstract Both the clinical and the histopathological diagnostic difficulties of oxyuriasis in unusual sites and their importance from a clinical point of view are pointed out. Examining stool samples is not recommended because pinworm eggs are sparse.
Views Read Edit View history. Moreover, molecular biology succeeded in clarifying the taxonomy of Enterobius gregorii by which Hugot supposed to be a new parasite for humans. The deposited eggs mature in a few hours and contain fully developed larvae becoming infective.