Preferred Scientific Name; Dociostaurus maroccanus. Preferred Common Name; Moroccan locust. Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota. Dociostaurus maroccanus (Thunberg ). Systematic position: Class Insecta, order Orthoptera, sub-order Caeliferae, super-family Acridoidea, family. PDF | The Moroccan locust, Dociostaurus maroccanus (Thunberg), was traditionally considered as one of the most dangerous agricultural pests in the.
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A more important factor may be the increase of cropland at the expense of grassland, since the female needs undisturbed soil in which to deposit her eggs. The scale and intensity of infestations are variable from marocdanus year to the next and outbreaks can last several years. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. Close mobile search navigation Article navigation.
Title Newly-hatched larvae Caption Newly-hatched larvae of D.
Recent research has identified that the key constraint that affects efficacy is temperature. Regularities in distribution of orthopterous insects of Northern Asia. In Spain, Klass et al.
Dociostaurus maroccanus Thunbergthe Moroccan locust, was one of these. Arthurs S; Thomas MB, Garcia, ; Chorbadjieff, The species is also found in the Middle East and Minor Asia, i. Malathion- and diflubenzuron-treated nymphal populations differed significantly for the first 10 days after treatment.
Body length varies from Upravlenie Sluzhby ucheta Gos. Chorbadjieff, ; Rambier, Datasheet Dociostaurus maroccanus Moroccan locust. Effect of dose, pre-mortem host incubation temperature and thermal behaviour on host mortality, mycosis and sporulation of Metarhizium anisopliae var.
In excess ofper ha have been affected in the provinces of Badajoz, Ciudad Real, Almeria and Zaragoza Klass et al.
Close Find out more. Acta Oecologica, Oecologia Generalis, 5 4: Sign in via your Institution Sign in. Agriculture experts said that a total of 60, ha of land needed to be treated to curb the problem. Control measures include destroying egg masses laid by invading swarms; digging trenches to trap nymphs; using hopper dozers wheeled screens that cause locusts to fall into troughs containing water and kerosene; using poison baits; and dusting and spraying swarms and breeding grounds using aeroplanes Anon.
Far more than a list of species and their status, it is a powerful tool to inform and catalyze action for biodiversity conservation and policy change, critical to protecting the natural resources we need to survive. Sign In or Create an Account. A review of the insect enemies of Acridoidea Orthoptera.
Title Third-instar nymph Caption Third-instar nymph of D.
Moroccan locust (Dociostaurus maroccanus)
State University, Stavropol, Russia. The IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria are intended to be an easily and widely understood system for classifying species at high risk of global extinction.
It lives a solitary existence but in some years its numbers increase sharply, and it becomes gregarious and congregates to form swarms which can cause devastation in agricultural areas. Insecta Summary of Docioxtaurus The Moroccan locust is distributed in northern Africa, southern and eastern Europe, and western and central Asia.
Appearance of Moroccan locust Dociostaurus maroccanus Thunb.
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Distribution of oothecae of Dociostaurus maroccanus Thunb. Entomologie et Phytopathologie Appliquees, No. FAO starts in time diciostaurus locust campaign in Afghanistan. Adult populations were also reduced in both treatments Bouaichi et al. A taxon is Vulnerable VU when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Vulnerable, and it is therefore considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.
Manipulation of embryonic development and laboratory rearing of the Mediterranean locust Dociostaurus maroccanus Thunberg. The exceptionally high locust population was the result of 2 years without control and favourable breeding conditions created by the drought. Chitin inhibitors were later included in control methods. The wingless hopper stage lasting 27 to 36 days can cause intense damage, but only during outbreak periods, when the eggs have been laid in or near cultivated land.
The northern limits of its distribution area are reached in Hungary and Rumania. In addition, a study has been made of four species which are closely related to the Moroccan locust.
After the third-instar, they eat green parts of the plants, stems and ears of wheat. In Spain, experiments were carried out using the entomopathogenic bacteria Bacillus thuringiensis. Printing House at Forestry University, pp. Temperature related effects marroccanus embryonic development of the Mediterranean locust, Dociostaurus maroccanus.
European locusts and their ecology: Dociostaurus maroccanus
Increase in locust numbers usually occurs when temperatures exceed average and rainfall is below normal; in the distribution area of the Moroccan Locust, spring rainfall from March to May is about mm. Journal of Insect Conservation. A Handbook of General Acridology. The Extremaduran Blue chicken and guineafowl: Gomphocerinae Agricultural pest insects Insects described in The authors studied the reproductive capacity of nymphs that reached the adult stage.
However, outbreaks of swarming activity have diminished in recent years and in some areas the Moroccan locust has become rare.
All green mass of the host plants can be destroyed when the population density of the pest is high.