CSA C448 PDF

Find the most up-to-date version of CSA C SERIES at Engineering Table of Contents. Preface ANSI/CSA C, Design and installation of ground source heat pump systems – Generic applications for all systems 1 Scope. This is the second edition of the CSA C Series, Design and installation of earth energy systems. It supersedes the previous edition published in

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Figure 6 shows an excavator creating a trench. A conservation authority may grant or deny permission, or grant permission with conditions for development as defined under the Act where it deems that the control of flooding, erosion, dynamic beaches, pollution or the conservation of land is not affected.

Since alternate solutions are reviewed and approved by the municipality, a person installing css alternative design for an earth energy system should consult with the local building department to obtain further information. Capitalized initials used in the text and symbols of this technical bulletin are defined as follows:. Where a person has committed an offence under section 34 of the Ontario Water Resources Acta designated Director or Provincial Officer under the Ontario Water Resources Act may, among other things, order ca person taking the water to:.

These c4448 are sometimes called submerged closed loop earth energy systems. A cas engineering practitioner Professional engineer licensed ccsa the Professional Engineers Act,S. Contact information for Department of Fisheries and Oceans Regional Offices can be found at the website.

To store heat in a BTES system, a continuous sealed loop of tubes, through which a heat transfer fluid passes csw returns, are placed into holes in a similar fashion to a closed loop system. Example of dx closed loops within vertical and directional holes and in horizontal trenches Illustration courtesy of Earth Linked Technologies, Inc.

For a direct exchange earth energy system, the standards Sections 5. A typical earth energy system is comprised of three main components: These standards are referenced by the Building Code. An ATES system largely uses groundwater as the heat transfer fluid. Persons designing earth energy systems should study:.

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CAN/CSA-C Series (R) | Standards Council of Canada – Conseil canadien des normes

The diagram depicts a winter setting with snow covered trees and therefore represents heat removed from the groundwater in the heat pump to heat the residence. Generally, an earth energy system works as follows: There are other systems and scenarios that are not discussed above.

Oil and gas deposits also reside within c48 rocks. The groundwater level in the discharge well is located about the middle of the full depth of the supply well and the level is represented by an ellipse within the supply well.

The Building Code Act and Regulation are enforced by municipal building csw. The standards, however, require that the contractor shall ensure that the grouting mixture is approved by the authority having jurisdiction if there are other special geological or hydrogeological conditions making a different grouting mixture more appropriate.

The vsa or conditions described in an environmental compliance approval are legal requirements.

CSA-C Archives – Trinus Pipes & Tubes

The three loops are part of one continuous tube that circulates a heat transfer fluid from the heat pump in the residence into the subsurface. Already Subscribed to this document. General information is also available at the Ministry of the Environment’s Public Information Centre at or In the second excavation, one waterline turns to the left, extends through the subsurface and enters into a supply cza located in the lower centre of the diagram.

All of the drawings show the tubing buried beneath the ground surface.

Green tubing in the trench will be used to carry the heat transfer fluid. Proceed to Checkout Continue Shopping. The blue coloured tubing represents the heat has been transferred by conduction to the subsurface and is cza back to the heat pump.

Arrows show that groundwater flow is from the left side to the right side of the drawing, and that heat is advected by the groundwater flow. Permits to Take Water.

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The third drawing shows a continuous loop of piping for a DX geothermal system installed in a back and forth pattern in the shallow subsurface. An earth energy system uses the temperature differences c4448 warm or cool buildings or other structures. In order to prevent a violation 4c48 the federal Fisheries Actcontact should be made with the local conservation authority, or the Department of Fisheries and Oceans office in the area.

There are three types of open loop systems which use groundwater or surface water as a heat transfer fluid.

The outside loop of a closed earth energy system consists of a continuous sealed underground or submerged loop of tubes through which a heat transfer fluid passes and returns to the heat pump unit. The three types are an open loop, a closed loop and a direct expansion DX loop. The bentonite forms a seal to prevent the hole from acting as a pathway for contaminants. For further information see section 2. Both waterlines extend horizontally within the subsurface and into the river that is located in the lower area of the diagram.

Figure 9 shows an example of two tubes extending out to a single coiled unit in the water. It is also intended that the new standard will be used as a basis for the promotion of international standards. Figure 7 is a drawing showing caa example of a horizontal closed loop ground c4488 geothermal system. The information and best management practices in Chapter 15 provide useful guidance to seal wells that are part of a properly abandoned earth energy system.

Underground thermal energy storage systems formerly, contained within previous editions of this Standard under CSA C

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