In March representatives from all of Saint-Domingue’s departments were elected to the Assembly, which completed the constitution in May. Toussaint signed it in. L’indépendance d’Haïti est proclamée le 1er janvier Jean-Jacques Dessalines, ancien esclave, devenu chef des troupes insurgées après la capture de. Le 29 Mars , nous, le peuple Haïtien, avons voté la constitution haïtienne pour doter le pays d’une démocratie basée sur la diversité politique, la justice.

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Elections and referendums in Haiti. It will be consigned in a sealed packet that can only be opened by the Central Assembly in the presence of all the generals of the army of Saint-Domingue in active service and the commanders-in-chief of the departments.

Art 36 — He proposes to the Central Assembly the propositions of law as well as those changes in the Constitution that experience can render necessary.

Such a monopoly may not be granted to any private individual. They must make schooling donstitution to all, free of charge, and ensure that public and private sector teachers are properly trained. No one may be deprived for political reasons of his legal capacity and his nationality.

Once a case is brought before the High Court of Justice, the Court must sit until it renders its verdict, regardless of the length of the sessions of the Legislature. However, depending on the circumstances, this seat may be transferred elsewhere to the same place and at the same time as that of the Executive Branch. The President of the republic shall have no powers other than those accorded to him by the Constitution. The Legislature has its seat in Port-au-Prince. If, at that session, and even in the case of replacement of the Houses no agreement is reached on the law when it is introduced again, each House shall appoint, by taking a vote on a list of an equal number of members, a parliamentary committee to decide on the final text that will be submitted to the two 2 Assemblies, beginning with the one that originally voted on the law.


The President of the Republic presides over the Council of Ministers. For ten 10 years following publication of this Constitution, and without prejudice to any criminal action or civil suit for damages, none of the following may be candidates for any public office; a.

He suppresses all those coming from foreign countries that will tend to corrupt the morals or again trouble the colony. Art 17 — The haitienne of the cultivators indispensable to the re-establishment and the growth of planting will take place in Saint-Domingue. Pensions paid by the State are indexed to the cost of living. At the well-founded request of the Executive, they may land assistance to constitutin police when ocnstitution latter are unable to handle a situation; e.

Constitution of 1801

The act of the President of the Republic declaring a state of siege must be countersigned by the Prime Minister and by all of the Ministers and contain an immediate convocation of constitutioon National Assembly to decide on the desirability of the measure. Awaiting the establishment of the Permanent Electoral Council provided for in this Constitution, hzitienne National Constitktion of Government shall set up a Provisional Electoral Council of nine 9 members, charged with drawing up constihution enforcing the Electoral Law to govern the next elections, who shall be designated as follows: Their organization belongs to the governor of the colony.

Citizens directly exercise the prerogatives of sovereignty by: Authorization for operation of universities and private superiors schools is subject to the technical approval of the Council of the State University, to a majority of Haitian participation in the capital and faculty, and to the obligation to teach primarily in the official language of the country.

Laws may be initiated by each of the two 2 Houses as well as by the Executive Branch.

Constitution of the Republic of Haiti , as amended to

Art 46 — The judges consittution these diverse tribunals preserve their functions all their lives, unless condemned for heinous crimes. Candidates for membership on the Court shall submit their applications directly to the Office of the Senate of the Republic.


All petitions to the Legislative Branch must give rise to the regulatory procedure for ruling upon their purpose.

Its decisions ate not subject to appeal, except to the Supreme Court. Toutes les religions conetitution tous les cultes sont libres. No assembly of citizens can qualify itself as popular society. Return Constitutions Page Retourner aux Constitutions. Classroom facilities and teaching materials shall be provided by the State to elementary school students free of charge. The monetary unit shall be the gourde, which is divided into centimes. National sovereignty is vested in all citizens.

Members of the Permanent Electoral Council are appointed hatiienne a nine 9 year nonrenovable period. No one may be compelled to belong to a religious organization or to follow a religious teaching contrary to his convictions.

Al Haitians, regardless of sex or marital status, who have attained twenty-one years of age may exercise their political and civil rights if the meet the other conditions prescribed by the Constitution and by law. No one may be deprived constiyution his legitimate right of ownership other than by a final judgment by a court of ordinary law, except under an agrarian reform.

Haïti: Constitution de

A Vice Delegate placed under consyitution authority of the Delegate is also appointed in each Arrondissement Capital. Teachers are entitled to a fair salary. Art 73 — Absent owners, for whatever cause, preserve their rights over the goods belonging to them situated in the colony.

Technical and financial management units shall be established to assist farmers at the level of each Communal section. The above-mentioned organs see to it as far as possible that each of the Departments are represented. The Municipal Council has priority in management of the State’s real property in the private domain located within the limits naitienne its Commune.

Each member of the Legislature receives a monthly stipend from the time he takes oath.

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