FM 100-61 PDF

FM Armor- and Mechanized-Based Opposing Force: Operational Art. • FM Armor- and Mechanized-Based Opposing Force. FM Armor- and Mechanized-Based Opposing Force: Operational Art. FM Armor- and Mechanized-Based Opposing Force: Tactics. FM The OPFOR operational doctrine outlined in FM represents a realistic . *This publication supersedes FM , 26 January

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An infantry-based force differs from an armor- and mechanized-based force primarily in terms of technological level and the ability to integrate arms into combined arms combat. It increases the capabilities by a factor of 1.

FM Armor- And Mechanized-Based Opposing Force Operational Art – Chptr 12 Engineer Support

For definitions of other key terms, the reader should refer to the index, where page numbers in bold type indicate the main entry for a particular 1000-61. It probably has a nuclear capability. First, 100-611 armor- and mechanized-based and infantry-based OPFOR modules are not simply unclassified handbooks on the armed forces of a particular nation. Large armor- and mechanized-based forces often have more sophisticated weaponry.

These forces normally have a complex structure, with more specialized units operating highly sophisticated equipment.

These engineer elements range in size from brigades down to companies. Remote minelaying can be useful against columns and areas of enemy concentrations, CPs, firing positions, and other targets. Divisions organize crossings over small rivers up to 60 m wide using divisional engineer resources. The nine basic tasks follow:. Therefore, it is often more effectual to lay a minefield during the course of a battle, preferably at the last minute, directly in the path of a developing threat.

Army or its systems. It requires minimal preparation and engineer support. MODs lay minefields, dig AT ditches, emplace demolitions, and create other obstacles, such as abatis or log cribs to block forest roads. A country with large infantry forces can have extensive, basic weapons industries, or it may still import most systems. It constitutes a baseline for training or developing U. Even with a small infantry-based force, however, the State might mobilize and deploy one army- or corps-size force capable of conducting large-scale operations against a neighboring country whose armed forces are also infantry-based.


The full preparation of defensive positions involving entrenchments, communications trenches, positions for tanks and infantry vehicles, and protective CPs is a labor-intensive process.

Engineer reconnaissance patrols also reconnoiter terrain to determine the best areas for constructing defensive positions and obstacles, 1006-1 CPs, and setting up water-supply and distribution points. Engineer support for defensive operations places emphasis on fortifying friendly troop positions, performing engineer camouflage measures, and adapting the terrain for defense.

Information gathered as a result of engineer reconnaissance is critical for determining the selection of march routes. A small infantry-based force typically has marginal integration capability ability to conduct tactical-level combat actions with limited fire support or basic integration capability ability to conduct f, tactical combined arms actions.

This could be any advanced technology or system possessed by a militarily significant country, including western or developing countries.

The name of that country would also be the State.

FM Armor- And Mechanized-Based Opposing Force Operational Art – Inroduction

The routes selected should require the least amount of engineer preparation and employment of engineer assets for route clearing. The OPFOR can accomplish this through the actions of forward detachments and airborne or heliborne forces and by crushing enemy main forces on 100-61 near side as they try to withdraw.

They are a standard feature of tactical and operational formations. Medium and large infantry-based 100-16 may also possess significant armor- and mechanized-based 100-6. The proliferation of such foreign systems or technologies could pose a threat to the U. A separate field manual provides characteristics of worldwide military equipment available to the capabilities-based OPFOR organizations in the three modules.

Elements performing engineer reconnaissance make the following determinations:. Creating engineer obstacles and carrying out demolition activities are significant engineer functions in all phases of the battle.

List of United States Army Field Manuals

The commitment of a second echelon or OMG is one of the most critical and vulnerable periods of combat. However, their primary responsibility is to support and ensure the mobility of operational formations.


When the OPFOR conducts a march in anticipation of contact, the engineer reconnaissance patrol is normally part of troop reconnaissance and reports on engineer aspects of the route. The OPFOR uses MODs aggressively, maintaining close contact with the enemy and attempting to mine areas in which the enemy has already committed himself.

In any of these three areas, minefields and other obstacles require 100–61, security, and marked maneuver passages.

Operational employment of engineer, engineer reconnaissance, and road and bridge units generally involves the formation of one or more of the following functional groupings:. The OPFOR employs remotely delivered minefields against chokepoints to delay and cause bunching that could create vulnerability to air or artillery attack.

They do not try to meet such an enemy head-on in conventional combat. They may also have high-technology communications and reconnaissance means. In the case of intervention by an external power or coalition, this strategy aims to undermine the enemy’s will to continue the conflict without the necessity mf defeating his main forces on the battlefield.

Reconnaissance can occur throughout the battle area. However, infantry-based forces, too, can vary in size and capability. The AP minefield targets personnel. It can be any specific foreign nation or organization with intentions and military capabilities that suggest it could become an adversary or challenge the national security interests of the United States or its allies. Whether or not these succeed, army groups and armies endeavor to cross water obstacles on a wide frontage, from the march without pause, and to develop the attack into the depth without halting to consolidate.

Using mines in this way is not only tactically advantageous, but also economical. When opposed by an adversary of similar capabilities, an infantry-based OPFOR can conduct conventional, force-oriented combat.

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