La incidencia de estrabismo adquirido del adulto no asociado con problemas paralíticos está en aumento. Existe una fuerte asociación entre los trastornos de la. Esotropia with nystagmus” is a distinct congenital or infantile syndrome, whose analysis revealed the following three elements: 1. Pathological convergence. La prevalencia del estrabismo se estima en torno a un % de la población, con una presencia 3 veces superior de endotropía frente a la.

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Likewise, we observed that there was an increased demand for surgeries involving oblique muscles, vertical rectus muscles and displacement techniques.

Long-term observations on unoperated intermittent exotropia. Strabismus was classified into three main types esotropia, exotropia, and pure vertical deviationand their subtypes.

The researched variables included sex, age at the time of surgery, type of surgery and classification of strabismus. Additionally, most cases of accommodative ET may be corrected with plus lenses 11, 19 and do not need surgery, therefore not being widely represented among the subjects of this study 11,19 Regarding XT subtypes, we found trends similar to those found in other studies.

Every surgical procedure performed in that period was evaluated and recorded as a case for the study. The relationship between preoperative alignment stability and postoperative motor outcomes in children with esotropia.

The involvement of oblique and vertical rectus muscles, the displacement of the rectus muscle, and the number of re-surgeries were also considered. Common forms of childhood esotropia. Acquired palsy of the oculomotor, trochlear and abducens nerves. Prevalence and outcomes of childhood visual disorders.


.: Portal da SBO – Sociedade Brasileira de Oftalmologia :.

Introduction Treatment for strabismus may be either clinical, optical, or involving an association of techniques, and its purpose is to preserve and ensure adequate visual development, recover binocular vision, and establish ocular parallelism. Strabismus surgery learning for ophthalmology residents of university service. Furthermore, most of the research is either population-based, or limited to a specific age bracket 13, Strabismus was classified into three main types: This study expects to contribute to the planning of health measures that may effectively improve the assistance provided to the population.

Professionals with a less specific training in the treatment of strabismus may feel that they are only able to operate the simplest cases, usually involving rectus and horizontal muscles only. Detection of strabismus and amblyopia in 1.

Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia. Most cases were associated with other types of deviation, and needed more complex surgeries, involving more than two muscles.

Pan-American Association of Ophthalmology

The type of surgery was determined by the number of muscles operated on intervention in up to two muscles, or intervention in more than two muscles. Common forms of childhood exotropia. Factors influencing the successful outcome and response in strabismus surgery. Incomplete records were excluded from the study. Constant exotropia was the most frequent subtype of exotropia Constant XT was the most common Although infantile ET is classically indicated as the most common type of esotropia among children, in recent studies this high prevalence has not been found.


Psychosocial aspects of strabismus study. An association between different types of deviation was found in These surgeries require a more elaborated planning and are technically more difficult.

Refractive Error Study in Children: Negative social bias against children with strabismus. It has been found that children with strabismus are viewed negatively, and that surgery could lead to psychosocial benefits, even when there is no hope of improving visual function. Discussion It is difficult to compare the findings of the present study to other research, due to the methodological variability across the studies, to the fact that few studies investigated surgical strabismus alone, 13, 14and to the lack of standardization in the classification of strabismus.

As previously demonstrated, surgeries performed in more than pzraliticos muscles take longer than those performed in up to two muscles, 14decreasing the number of surgeries that may be performed in the same period The prevalence of strabismus and amblyopia in Japanese elementary school children.

Variables included sex, age, type of strabismus, type of surgery, and re-surgeries. Acquired oculomotor, trochlear, and abducent cranial nerve palsies in pediatric patients.

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