CHINA IN WORLD HISTORY PAUL ROPP PDF

Historian Paul Ropp combines vivid story-telling with astute analysis to shed light on some of the larger questions of Chinese history. What is. Historian Paul Ropp combines vivid story-telling with astute analysis to shed light today, and have colored China’s perception of its own place in world history. Paul S. Ropp. China in World History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, xvi + pp. $ (cloth), ISBN ; $ (paper), ISBN.

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China in World History

Choose your country or region Close. What is distinctive about China in comparison with other civilizations? The states had evolved different styles of writing Chinese over the centuries, and these styles were also replaced by the Qin “small seal” style of writing. An elegant six-foot high bronze statue of a man contemporane- ous with the Shang was discovered in in Sichuan near Chengdufar beyond any direct Shang influence.

I will also try to situate these developments within the context of world history, noting parallel or contrasting devel- opments elsewhere, and paying particular attention to Chinese contacts and interactions with other peoples and places. In other words, had its leadership not been so corrupt and incompetent, even during the past two centuries China might well have maintained its planetary leadership.

China in World History – Paul S. Ropp – Google Books

The production of silk is incredibly labor intensive, as each cocoon must be carefully softened in scalding water and unwound onto a spool. Historian Paul Ropp combines vivid story-telling with astute analysis to shed light on some of the larger questions of Chinese history. In the Confucian view, scholar-officials ranked highest in the social hierarchy, followed by peasants and artisans the productive backbone of societyfollowed by merchants at the bottom seen by Confucians as nonproductive exploiters of the labors of oth- ers.

To demonstrate the goodness of human nature, he argued that any person, upon seeing a child about to fall into a well, would auto- matically respond by trying to save the child, not through any ulterior motive but simply because humans naturally hate to see a child suffer.

Lord Shang abolished hereditary feudal ranks and made all ranks and titles dependent upon job performance in warfare and government administration. Good overview of all of Chinese history, quick but with good detail of how China interacted, influenced, and was influenced by the surrounding world.

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Why was China, alone among the early human civilizations, able to sustain political, cultural, and linguistic unity and continuity over an entire subcontinent through a period of three thousand years without the benefit of modern indus- trial technology? One of the most famous excavations of a Han-era tomb came in the s in Mawangdui, a small village outside Changsha in Hunan Province. He removed some regional overlords, curtailed the power and influence of many aristocratic families, recruited officials from humble backgrounds, and instituted examinations for officials in the Confucian classics.

Because of its hardness and its lustrous green beauty, jade has been seen as a precious stone in China from the late Neolithic up to the present day.

Not that I mind about the willows, But I am afraid of my father and mother. In the ambitious western state of Qin, rulers abolished serfdom where peasants were bound to the land and owned by a lord and assigned land directly to peasant families, whom they taxed, taking a percentage of their crops.

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Confucian historians have long claimed that the First Emperor buried alive some Confucian scholars who criticized his rule in bce and one year later burned all non-Legalist works the govern- ment could collect. Missty rated it liked it Oct 20, Thus emper- orship came to be identified with the arts and values of Chinese civiliza- tion, in self-conscious contrast with and despite constant borrowing from the nomadic cultures on China’s borders.

In some ways, the Book of Han Feizi only summarized what was already happening in the Warring States period, but it spelled out more clearly than any other source how to organize a political, economic, and military machine devoted entirely to building the power of the state and its king. The book reads easily and is presented well. What this book gives you is an introduction to the flow of Chineese history, and the authour points to the salient poitns in each era.

He never rose very high in any government and died in bce, feeling himself a failure. The court The First Empires 35 ended the practice of peasant conscription partly out of fear of armed peasant rebellions and relied instead on professional armies made up of voluntary recruits, convicts, and non-Chinese nomads resettled within the walled frontiers. Officials are mere tools of the ruler in the efficient organization of the state and the army, and they should be promoted and demoted solely on the basis of their effec- tiveness in carrying out their assigned duties.

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One Qin king ihstory died from overexertion in a weight-lifting contest, an activity unimaginable in a court fashioned in the Confucian mold.

Includes bibliographical references and index.

The Guodian texts payl quite representative of the over- all gist of the later Daodejing, but not so explicitly anti-Confucian or anti-Mencian as later versions of the text. These are the ear- liest known examples of Chinese writing. During the early Han, the dynasty functioned more as a tributary vassal of the Xiongnu Empire rather than vice versa. This is a very good overview of Chinese history in a global context.

The Mohists also made interesting developments in logic and the study of optics and chuna in part for the purposes of defensive warfarebut they failed to inspire followers for more than a few generations, and their call for universal love seemed puzzling and impractical to most Chinese.

We might call them “soft states,” 2 with permeable boundaries and loose alliances with many different peoples, and with alliances based more on gifts and ritual exchanges than on taxes or formal lines of authority.

They have also generally seen all of human life and the entire cosmos as one interrelated whole where every single entity is ultimately related to every other entity.

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Yet, as will become clear below, these periph- eral regions have also been steady conduits of products, customs, and peoples into the Chinese political and cultural realm.

Throughout most of its history China has been one of the most densely populated areas on earth. Another point he wants to address is Chinese relations with foreign cultures and peoples. Pahl for the Rising Sun Jiang Wu.

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